I ended up writing two very short, but very different posts today, rather than one longer topic. The first one is here.
In this section, I was looking at Consumer Buyer behaviour.
Marketing Essentials outlines four different types of buyer: Routine Response Buyer, Limited Decision Maker, Extensive Decision Maker and Impulse Buyer.
Often, this has less to with with the buyers themselves than with the product. For example, you are more likely to put more thought, time and research into buying a new car (Extensive Decision Making) than into buying a pint of milk. Milk would be a Routine Response purchase, as you are likely to go to the same place (the supermarket) to buy your usual product, and if that wasn’t available (perhaps it’s not your usual brand, or there’s only semi-skimmed, not skimmed) then you would buy the next available similar product without really thinking about it.
Limited Decision Making covers both products that the consumer only buys occasionally, as well as when they need to research an unfamiliar product or brand.
Impulse buying, however, involves little or no research at all. Impulse buying is encouraged both in physical stores and online through more elaborate POS (point of sale) displays. Research has suggested that this is becoming more and more common as a form of buying behaviour, and as a result companies are much likely to use add-on items or prominent displays at check-outs etc. However, over time this can backfire somewhat for the company, because people are much more likely to regret their purchases and don’t develop loyalty to a company and brand. It generates better short-term income, but may not create repeat sales behaviour.